Licences & Copyright
CC-BY Licences & Copyright
Copyright is one of the main types of intellectual property – others include designs, patents and trademarks. Intellectual property allows a person to own things they create in the same way as something physical can be owned. It gives the right to prevent others from copying or reproducing someone’s work.
The main legislation dealing with copyright in the United Kingdom is the Copyright, Design and Patents Act, 1988
Creative Common Copyright licences provide a simple, standardised way to give the public permission to share and use your creative work — on conditions of your choice.
CC licences let you easily change your copyright terms from the default of “all rights reserved” to “some rights reserved.”
Creative Commons licences are not an alternative to copyright. They work alongside copyright and enable you to modify your copyright terms to best suit your needs.
Common types of CC licence used in open access publishing are:
Attribution – By
This licence lets others distribute, remix, tweak, and build upon your work, even commercially, as long as they credit you for the original creation. This is the most accommodating of licences offered. Recommended for maximum dissemination and use of licenced materials.
Attribution – Share Alike
This licence lets others remix, tweak, and build upon your work even for commercial purposes, as long as they credit you and licence their new creations under the identical terms. This Licence is often compared to “copyleft” free and open source software licences. All new works based on yours will carry the same Licence, so any derivatives will also allow commercial use. This is the licence used by Wikipedia, and is recommended for materials that would benefit from incorporating content from Wikipedia and similarly licenced projects.
Attribution – No Derivitives
This Licence allows for redistribution, commercial and non-commercial, as long as it is passed along unchanged and in whole, with credit to you.
Attribution – Non-Commerical
This Licence lets others remix, tweak, and build upon your work non-commercially, and although their new works must also acknowledge you and be non-commercial, they don’t have to Licence their derivative works on the same terms.
Attribution – Non-Commercial-Share Alike
This Licence lets others remix, tweak, and build upon your work non-commercially, as long as they credit you and Licence their new creations under the identical terms.
Attribution – Non Commercial-NoDerivitives
This Licence is the most restrictive of our six main Licences, only allowing others to download your works and share them with others as long as they credit you, but they can’t change them in any way or use them commercially.
More about Creative Commons licences: http://creativecommons.org/Licences/
HEFCE Prefer outputs to be made available under open licences that facilitate reuse (such as CC BY), and CC-BY-NC-ND licences are strongly recommended but not mandatory.
RCUK Where Research Council funds are used to pay the APC for an Open Access paper; they require that the publisher makes the paper freely available under the CC BY licence. Where the ‘Green route’ to Open Access is used, any of the above licence types may be used.
Wellcome Trust Where Wellcome Trust funds are used to pay for Open Access (Gold route); the CC BY licence must be used for research articles. For books and monographs, the CC BY licence is encouraged, but all of the above licences are acceptable. If the ‘Green’ route is used any of the above licences may be used.
Need more information about the licences required for your research output? Contact the LLS Research Support team.